Viral Exanthem

The name viral exanthem originates from the Greek word “exanthema” which means breaking out. This is a viral rash that pops up suddenly and spreads throughout the body. It is a self-limited infection. This means that there are minimal chances…

Swollen Thyroid

What is a Swollen Thyroid? Literally, a swollen thyroid means it is beyond its normal size. This condition is more commonly known as goiter. A little anatomy of the thyroid and its function would be helpful in grasping a better…

Pediculosis Capitis

What is Head lice/ Pediculosis capitis? A pediculosis capitis or head louse is a very contagious condition. The condition is very common, and you will most likely get it from day cares, nurseries or schools. The condition is brought by…

Erythroplakia

What is Erythroplakia? Erythroplakia refers to an oral condition that appears as red lesions on the mucus membrane but cannot be attributed to any other illness or condition [1]. The reddish color of the patches has been attributed to lack…

Sunspots on the Skin

What are sunspots on skin These are dark portions or spots of the skin. They are also called solar lentigines (1, 2). They develop more often after exposure to direct sunlight (2). Sunlight has ultra violet rays (UV rays) which…

Herpetic Whitlow

What is Herpetic Whitlow? This is a laceration that appears on the thumb caused by the herpes simplex virus HSV-1 or HSV -2. Herpes originates from a Greek word meaning “to creep”. This explains one characteristic of all herpes since…

Lump Behind Ear

Most lumps are harmless and painless. They are signals for medication. Lumps can either be small or large. Mostly, they are small knots or lumps at the back of the head and just below the ear can be described as…

Pitted Keratolysis

Background Pitted keratolysis refers superficial skin condition that affects the feet. The feet are covered by pits that are largely asymptomatic. In many cases, pitted keratolysis exhibits random episodes of occurrence and disappear just as spontaneously [1]. As such, the…

Immature granulocytes

Granulocytes are the white blood cells that have small granules that contain proteins. The specific granulocytes are: neutrophilis, eosinophils, and basophilis [1,2]. Granulocytes come from stem cells in the bone marrow of a person. The process of differentiation of these…

Bruised Sternum

The Sternum Also known as the breastbone, the sternum is a long, T-shaped flat bone found at the center of the human thorax [1]. At its upper end, the sternum connects to the clavicles.  On both sides, it is articulated…

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